6 Ways to Invest Abroad

14 Sep 2023

Contents

  1. Investment Opportunities Abroad
  2. Understanding Real Estate Investment
    1. Exploring Diverse Real Estate Investment Strategies
    2. Benefits and Considerations of Real Estate Investment
    3. Identifying Foreign Investment-Friendly Real Estate Markets
  3. Understanding Stock Market Investments
    1. Different Strategies for Investing Abroad in Stocks
    2. Stability Differences Between Stock Market and Real Estate Investments
  4. Understanding Government Bond Investments
    1. Different Strategies for Investing Abroad in Government Bonds
  5. Understanding Foreign Exchange (Forex) Market Investments
    1. Different Strategies for Forex Market Investments
  6. Understanding Startup and Venture Capital Investments
    1. Different Strategies for Startup and Venture Capital Investments
    2. Stability and Return Differences Between Startup and Venture Capital Investments and Real Estate Investments
  7. Understanding Global Mutual Funds and ETF Investments
    1. Different Strategies for Global Mutual Funds and ETF Investments
    2. Stability and Return Differences Between Global Mutual Funds and ETF Investments and Real Estate Investments
  8. Which investment should you choose?

Investment Opportunities Abroad

Investing abroad can be a lucrative venture, offering opportunities for portfolio diversification and potentially higher returns. For individuals looking to invest from less stable economies into more stable ones like the United Kingdom, there are several strategies and options to consider. In this blog, we'll explore various ways to invest abroad, focusing on the transition from less stable economies to the UK.

1. Real Estate

Investing in real estate abroad is a common choice for offshore financial security. Many property markets offer tax incentives to attract international investors, and some, like Portugal and Greece, provide citizenship through investment programs. Getting international mortgages is relatively straightforward if you can pass anti-money laundering checks to verify your funding source.

Historically, this has been a reliable option for investors seeking long-term capital appreciation and rental income, particularly in low-risk European markets with significant inward migration, which increases housing demand. You can buy residential or commercial properties or diversify your approach with real estate investment trusts (REITs). When investing in real estate, research factors like location, rental yield, and potential capital growth. It's advisable to work with a property investment company when exploring offshore markets due to the intricacies and legalities involved. Feel free to contact IP Global for a free consultation to address any questions you may have.

2. Stock Market Investments

One of the most common ways to invest abroad is through stock markets. Investors can purchase shares in foreign companies or invest in exchange-traded funds (ETFs) that track international indices. When transitioning from a less stable economy to European markets and the UK, consider investing in well-established companies listed on the London Stock Exchange (LSE). The LSE is known for its stability and transparency, making it an attractive option for international investors.

3. Government Bonds

A government bond, also known as a sovereign bond or treasury bond, is a debt security issued by a government to raise funds for various public purposes, such as financing government projects, covering budget deficits, or managing overall public debt. When you purchase a government bond, you are essentially lending money to the government in exchange for periodic interest payments and the return of the bond's face value (principal) at maturity.

Government bonds are a low-risk investment option in many first world countries (most notably: Germany, the UK, France, Italy, Spain and Netherlands). The accessibility of government bonds to foreign investors can fluctuate among countries and is often contingent upon factors like the financial regulations and policies of the specific nation. These bonds are generally considered safe investments, making them a viable option for those transitioning from less stable economies.

4. Foreign Exchange (Forex) Market

The Foreign Exchange (Forex) market, also known as the currency market or FX market, is the global marketplace for trading currencies. It is the largest and most liquid financial market in the world, where participants can buy, sell, exchange, and speculate on the values of different currencies. The primary purpose of the Forex market is to facilitate international trade and investment by enabling businesses and individuals to convert one currency into another.

5. Startup and Venture Capital Investments

The UK and many European countries such as Portugal have a thriving startup ecosystem, particularly in capital cities. Investing in promising startups and early-stage companies can be a high-risk, high-reward strategy. Consider joining a venture capital fund or angel investor network to gain exposure to innovative UK- and Europe-based startups. This type of investment can diversify your portfolio and potentially yield substantial returns.

6. Global Mutual Funds and ETFs

Investors can access international markets through global mutual funds and ETFs. These investment vehicles offer diversified exposure to a variety of asset classes and regions. Look for funds managed by reputable asset management companies that align with your investment goals and risk tolerance.

Aerial view over the city center on a sunny day

Understanding Real Estate Investment

Real estate investing is a strategic approach to acquiring, managing, and profiting from properties with the goal of generating rental income and capital appreciation. This form of investment allows individuals and entities to allocate capital to various types of real estate, such as residential, commercial, industrial, or vacant land, to achieve financial returns.

Exploring Diverse Real Estate Investment Strategies

There are various avenues to explore within the realm of real estate investment, each offering unique opportunities and risks. Here are some of the most common strategies:

1. Buy-to-let Property Investing

This classic approach involves purchasing residential properties and renting them out to tenants. Rental income provides a steady cash flow, and property values in carefully considered markets appreciate over time. Leveraging mortgages can enhance returns, making it a popular choice.

2. Property Wholesaling

Wholesalers identify undervalued or distressed properties and connect them with buyers willing to pay more. The wholesaler earns a profit from the price difference. While this method is cost-effective to start, it requires effective deal hunting and negotiation skills.

3. Property Flipping

Property flipping entails buying properties, renovating, or improving them, and selling them at a higher price for a profit. This strategy offers quick returns but carries the risk of market fluctuations and potential renovation costs.

5. Investing in Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs)

REITs are publicly traded companies that own and operate income-generating real estate. Investing in REITs offers liquidity and diversification, as investors can buy shares on major stock exchanges. They include equity, mortgage, and hybrid REITs, catering to different risk appetites.

6. Real Estate Syndication

Real estate syndication pools resources from multiple investors to participate in larger projects, often beyond the reach of individual investors. This strategy is prevalent for commercial properties and relies on the expertise of a sponsor to manage the investment.

Benefits and Considerations of Real Estate Investment

The pros and cons of real estate as an asset class for investors are below:

Advantages

  • Passive Income: Rental properties can provide consistent rental income, offering a source of passive cash flow and can cover your mortgage payments and running costs.
  • Portfolio Diversification: Real estate can diversify investment portfolios, reducing overall risk.
  • Leverage: Borrowed funds can be used to amplify returns more so than if you were buying in cash. For example if you only put down 20% cash and utalised a mortgage on the remaining 80%, you are still seeing capital growth on 100% of the property value.
  • Tax Benefits: Real estate investments may offer tax advantages, such as depreciation deductions and in some markets like Germany zero capital gains tax after a 10-year hold.
  • Tangible Asset: Real estate is a physical asset with intrinsic value and potential for long-term growth. It is what most people aspire to achieve in their lifetime.

However, it's essential to consider potential drawbacks:

  • High Initial Capital: Real estate often requires substantial upfront investment.
  • Market Knowledge: Success relies on a deep understanding of local markets and property types.
  • Active Management: Unless investing in REITs or utalising property management services, active management is necessary.
  • Liquidity Challenges: Real estate investments can be less liquid than other assets, this can however protect you from market volatility typical with asset classes that offer an easy exit.
  • Unforeseen Expenses: Unexpected costs like maintenance or repairs can impact returns.

Identifying Foreign Investment-Friendly Real Estate Markets

When conducting research on a global scale to identify foreign investment-friendly real estate markets, several crucial factors must be considered. These factors directly influence property ownership rights, tax policies, and the overall feasibility of investing in a particular country. To ensure a sound investment, it's imperative to assess the country's government, legal framework, and its friendliness towards foreign investors.

Government and Legal Framework

Understanding a country's government and legal framework is the foundation of successful international real estate investment. Key considerations include:

  • Property Ownership Rights: Investigate property ownership regulations to ensure clarity and security in your ownership rights.
  • Taxation Policies: Examine tax policies related to property ownership, transactions, and rental income to gauge the financial implications of your investment.
  • Transparency and Rule of Law: A transparent legal system and strong rule of law are essential for regulatory stability and investor protection.

Friendliness to Foreign Investment

Assessing a nation's receptiveness to foreign investment in its real estate sector is pivotal. Key indicators of foreign investment friendliness include:

  • Transparent Property Ownership Rules: Straightforward property ownership rules minimise confusion and reduce risks for foreign investors.
  • Repatriation of Profits: Evaluate ease of repatriating profits from real estate investments, as this can impact your returns and liquidity.
  • Favourable Regulations: Investigate foreign investment regulations to ensure they support international investors and provide incentives for investment. Some countries offer special visa programs or tax breaks to attract foreign capital.

However, certain countries exercise caution when it comes to foreign investment for several reasons:

  • Anti-Money Laundering (AML) Concerns: Countries with strict AML regulations may view foreign investors as higher risks for money laundering due to challenges in tracing the source of their funds.
  • Protection of Domestic Homeowners: Some nations aim to safeguard the interests of their citizens by preventing foreign investors from driving property prices to unsustainable levels, making homeownership unaffordable for locals.
  • Risk of Loan Default: Foreign investors may be perceived as higher risks for loan default due to their unfamiliarity with local laws, markets, and support networks compared to domestic investors.

Here are specific examples illustrating how these factors manifest in different countries:

  • China: Foreign investors in China are required to make a larger down payment (at least 50%) compared to domestic investors (20%) to address money laundering concerns and protect domestic homeowners.
  • Australia: Foreign investors must obtain Foreign Investment Review Board (FIRB) approval before purchasing property to ensure their investments benefit the Australian economy and do not negatively impact it.
  • United States: Foreign investors in the United States face similar lending requirements as domestic investors but may encounter challenges in obtaining loans due to creditworthiness concerns, including limited credit history and a lack of a US bank account.

Moreover, researching the process of acquiring international mortgages is essential. In some markets, foreign investors encounter stricter lending requirements than domestic investors. The ease of obtaining international mortgages can significantly influence investor participation and ultimately impact resale values, particularly in markets with less robust domestic demand.

Stock market data growth chart graph investment finance analysis fintech financial district

Understanding Stock Market Investments

Investing abroad in the stock market is a strategy where individuals or entities allocate capital to purchase shares of foreign companies listed on international stock exchanges. This form of investment offers a way to diversify a portfolio, access global markets, and potentially earn returns through capital appreciation and dividends. To make informed decisions about investing abroad in stocks, it's essential to understand the different strategies and how stock market investments differ in terms of stability compared to real estate investments.

Different Strategies for Investing Abroad in Stocks

1. Direct Stock Investments:

This approach involves purchasing shares of individual foreign companies. Investors select companies they believe have strong growth potential or are undervalued. This strategy offers a high level of control over the specific stocks in the portfolio but requires extensive research and monitoring.

A. Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs):

ETFs are investment funds that track the performance of a specific index or a basket of assets. International ETFs provide exposure to foreign markets and industries. They offer diversification and are a more passive way to invest in foreign stocks.

B. Mutual Funds:

Mutual funds pool money from multiple investors to invest in a diversified portfolio of foreign stocks. Professional fund managers make investment decisions on behalf of investors. This strategy is suitable for those seeking professional management and diversification.

Stability Differences Between Stock Market and Real Estate Investments

1. Market Volatility:

Stock markets are generally more volatile than real estate markets. The value of stocks can fluctuate significantly in response to economic, political, and company-specific factors. Real estate values tend to be more stable over time, with gradual price changes.

2. Liquidity:

Stocks offer high liquidity, as they can be bought or sold quickly on public exchanges. Real estate investments are less liquid and may require time to sell properties, potentially impacting cash flow.

3. Income Generation:

While both stocks and real estate can generate income, stocks primarily do so through dividends, which can vary. Real estate generates income through rent, which can provide more predictable and consistent cash flow.

4. Diversification:

Both stock and real estate investments offer diversification opportunities. However, diversifying within the stock market can be more straightforward through ETFs and mutual funds. Real estate diversification may require purchasing multiple properties in different locations.

5. Risk Exposure:

Stock investments expose investors to market risk, company-specific risk, and currency risk in international markets. Real estate investments face property-specific risk, market risk, and local economic factors.

6. Regulatory Environment:

Stock markets are heavily regulated, providing transparency and investor protection. Real estate regulations vary by country and region, affecting property ownership rights and landlord-tenant relationships.

Interest rates concept. 3D illustration

Understanding Government Bond Investments

Investing abroad in government bonds is a strategy where individuals or entities allocate capital to purchase debt securities issued by foreign governments. Government bonds are often considered a safe and stable investment, providing a fixed income in the form of interest payments and the return of the bond's face value upon maturity.

Many European countries issue government bonds that are available to foreign investors. These bonds are typically referred to as sovereign bonds or government securities. The availability and accessibility of government bonds to foreign investors can vary from country to country and may depend on factors such as the country's financial regulations and policies. Some European countries that commonly issue government bonds to foreign investors include:

  • Germany (Bunds): Germany is known for issuing government bonds called "Bunds," which are widely accessible to foreign investors.
  • France (OATs): France issues government bonds known as "Obligations Assimilables du Trésor" (OATs), which are open to foreign investors.
  • United Kingdom (Gilts): The UK offers government bonds known as "Gilts," which are available to foreign investors.
  • Italy (BTPs): Italy issues government bonds known as "Buoni del Tesoro Poliennali" (BTPs), which can be purchased by foreign investors.
  • Spain (Spanish Government Bonds): Spain also issues government bonds that are accessible to foreign investors.
  • Netherlands (Dutch Government Bonds): Dutch government bonds are open to international investors.
  • Austria (Austrian Government Bonds): Austria issues government bonds that are available to foreign investors.
  • Belgium (Belgian Government Bonds): Belgium offers government bonds that can be purchased by foreign investors.
  • Ireland (Irish Government Bonds): Ireland's government bonds are accessible to international investors.
  • Portugal (Portuguese Government Bonds): Portugal issues government bonds that foreign investors can buy.

Please note that the accessibility and terms for foreign investors may vary within each country and over time. Additionally, it's crucial for foreign investors to be aware of tax regulations and currency exchange implications when investing in government bonds in European countries. Consulting with a financial advisor or a brokerage firm with expertise in international investing is advisable before making any investments.

To make informed decisions about investing abroad in government bonds and understand how it differs in stability and returns compared to real estate investment, let's explore various aspects:

Different Strategies for Investing Abroad in Government Bonds

1. Direct Purchase of Government Bonds:

This strategy involves buying bonds directly from the foreign government or its authorised agents. Investors receive regular interest payments (coupons) and the return of the bond's face value upon maturity. It offers control over the selection of specific government bonds.

2. Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) and Mutual Funds:

ETFs and mutual funds focused on international government bonds provide diversification across multiple countries and issuers. Managed by professionals, these funds select and manage the bond portfolio, making it a more hands-off approach for investors.

3. Foreign Currency Bonds:

Investors can choose to invest in foreign government bonds denominated in the currency of the issuing country. This introduces currency risk, as changes in exchange rates can impact returns, but it also offers the potential for currency-related gains.

Abstract creative financial graph interface and world map on San Francisco skyline background, forex and investment concept. Multiexposure

Understanding Foreign Exchange (Forex) Market Investments

Investing abroad in the Foreign Exchange (Forex) Market is a strategy where individuals or entities allocate capital to trade one currency for another, with the goal of profiting from fluctuations in exchange rates. Forex trading is a highly liquid and dynamic market, offering opportunities for speculation and hedging. To make informed decisions about investing abroad in the Forex Market and understand how it differs in stability and returns compared to real estate investment, let's explore various aspects:

Different Strategies for Forex Market Investments

1. Currency Pairs Trading:

Forex traders can speculate on the exchange rate movements of currency pairs, such as EUR/USD (Euro/US Dollar) or GBP/JPY (British Pound/Japanese Yen). They can buy (go long) or sell (go short) a currency pair, aiming to profit from price changes.

2. Day Trading:

Day traders engage in short-term trades, often opening and closing positions within a single trading day. They rely on technical analysis and chart patterns to make rapid trading decisions.

3. Swing Trading:

Swing traders hold positions for several days or weeks, aiming to capitalise on medium-term price movements. They may use technical and fundamental analysis to guide their trades.

4. Carry Trade:

The carry trade strategy involves borrowing funds in a currency with a low-interest rate (the funding currency) and investing in a currency with a higher interest rate (the target currency). Traders earn the interest rate differential as profit.

5. Hedging:

Forex can be used for hedging purposes, where individuals or businesses use currency trades to protect against adverse exchange rate movements that could impact their international transactions.

Stability and Return Differences Between Forex Market and Real Estate Investments:

1. Risk Profile:

Forex Market: Forex trading is inherently risky, with the potential for substantial gains but also significant losses. It is highly speculative and sensitive to global economic, political, and geopolitical events.

2. Income Generation:

Forex Market: Profits in Forex come from capital appreciation or interest rate differentials (carry trade). It is primarily a trading-oriented market, with limited opportunities for passive income.

3. Liquidity:

Forex Market: Forex is one of the most liquid markets globally, allowing traders to enter and exit positions quickly. High liquidity reduces the risk of price manipulation.

4. Capital Appreciation:

Forex Market: Forex trading focuses on capital appreciation through currency price movements, with the potential for significant returns in a short period.

5. Diversification:

Forex Market: Forex trading allows diversification across various currency pairs, but it is still a relatively concentrated investment compared to real estate, which can involve multiple properties in different locations.

6. Regulatory Environment:

Forex Market: Forex trading is subject to regulations, and the level of oversight varies by jurisdiction. Traders should be aware of the regulatory framework in the country or region where they operate.

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Understanding Startup and Venture Capital Investments

Investing abroad in startups and venture capital (VC) is a strategy where individuals or entities allocate capital to early-stage companies in exchange for equity ownership. This form of investment involves supporting entrepreneurial ventures with high growth potential. To make informed decisions about investing abroad in startups and venture capital and understand how it differs in stability and returns compared to real estate investment, let's explore various aspects:

Different Strategies for Startup and Venture Capital Investments

1. Direct Investment in Startups:

This strategy involves directly investing in early-stage companies by purchasing equity or convertible securities. Investors often take an active role in mentoring and guiding these startups.

2. Venture Capital Funds:

Venture capital funds pool money from multiple investors and deploy it into a portfolio of startups. Professional venture capitalists manage these funds and make investment decisions on behalf of investors.

3. Angel Investing:

Angel investors are individuals who provide capital to startups in exchange for equity. They often have a hands-on approach, offering expertise and mentorship to the founders.

4. Crowdfunding Platforms:

Online crowdfunding platforms allow investors to contribute smaller amounts of capital to startups. These platforms offer opportunities for retail investors to participate in early-stage investments.

Stability and Return Differences Between Startup and Venture Capital Investments and Real Estate Investments

1. Risk Profile:

Startup and Venture Capital Investments: Investing in startups carries high risk due to the uncertain success of early-stage companies. Many startups fail, leading to potential loss of invested capital. However, successful investments can yield substantial returns.

2. Income Generation:

Startup and Venture Capital Investments: These investments typically do not generate immediate income. Returns come from the eventual sale or exit of the startup, often through acquisition or an initial public offering (IPO).

3. Liquidity:

Startup and Venture Capital Investments: These investments are illiquid and can take several years to realise returns. Exit opportunities depend on the success and timing of a startup's growth.

4. Capital Appreciation:

Startup and Venture Capital Investments: Capital appreciation potential is significant, with successful startups often experiencing exponential growth and valuation increases.

5. Diversification:

Startup and Venture Capital Investments: Diversification is essential in startup investments due to the high risk associated with individual companies. Investing in multiple startups spreads risk.

6. Regulatory Environment:

Startup and Venture Capital Investments: The regulatory environment for startups and VC investments can vary by country and may impact investment opportunities and exit strategies.

Businessmen holding a smartphone with icons of ETF Exchange traded fund stock market trading investment financial concept.

Understanding Global Mutual Funds and ETF Investments

Investing abroad in global mutual funds and Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) is a strategy where individuals or entities allocate capital to pooled investment vehicles that offer exposure to a diversified portfolio of international securities, including stocks and bonds. These funds provide access to global markets and offer various investment strategies. To make informed decisions about investing abroad in global mutual funds and ETFs and understand how they differ in stability and returns compared to real estate investment, let's explore various aspects:

Different Strategies for Global Mutual Funds and ETF Investments

1. Equity Funds:

Equity mutual funds and ETFs invest primarily in stocks from various countries and regions. They may focus on specific sectors, market capitalisations, or investment themes, such as technology or emerging markets.

2. Fixed-Income Funds:

Fixed-income mutual funds and ETFs invest in a range of international bonds, including government bonds, corporate bonds, and municipal bonds. They provide income through interest payments.

3. Sector-Specific and Theme-Based Funds:

Some global funds target specific sectors (e.g. healthcare or energy) or themes (e.g. sustainable investing or artificial intelligence). These funds offer exposure to niche areas of the global market.

4. Passive vs. Active Funds:

Passive global funds track benchmark indices and aim to replicate their performance. Active global funds are managed by professionals who make investment decisions based on research and analysis.

Stability and Return Differences Between Global Mutual Funds and ETF Investments and Real Estate Investments

1. Risk Profile:

Global Mutual Funds and ETF Investments: These investments are subject to market risk, which can be significant, depending on the fund's focus. However, they offer diversification benefits due to exposure to various international securities.

2. Income Generation:

Global Mutual Funds and ETF Investments: Income generation varies by fund type. Equity funds offer the potential for capital appreciation, while fixed-income funds provide regular income through interest payments.

3. Liquidity:

Global Mutual Funds and ETF Investments: These investments are highly liquid, as shares can be bought or sold on the stock exchange on any trading day.

4. Capital Appreciation:

Global Mutual Funds and ETF Investments: The potential for capital appreciation depends on the fund's underlying assets. Equity funds can offer significant returns during bull markets.

5. Diversification:

Global Mutual Funds and ETF Investments: These funds inherently offer diversification by investing in a range of international securities and sectors.

6. Regulatory Environment:

Global Mutual Funds and ETF Investments: These funds are subject to regulations and investor protection measures. Regulations vary by jurisdiction.

So which investment should you choose?

Within international investing, the choice between real estate and the various other options discussed – including government bonds, stock investments, Forex trading, startup and venture capital investments, and global mutual funds and ETFs – hinges on individual financial objectives, risk appetite, and investment preferences.

Real estate investments offer stability through rental income and the potential for long-term capital appreciation, making them an attractive choice for those seeking steady returns with lower risk. The UK offers a stable real estate market with a history of capital appreciation and rental income potential. It's an appealing option for those seeking steady returns and wealth preservation. In contrast, each of the other investment types presents its unique blend of risks and rewards:

  • Stock Investments: Investing in foreign stocks can offer the potential for high returns, but it comes with market volatility and may require careful research and analysis. The UK stock market offers diverse opportunities, allowing investors to participate in the growth of various industries. It's suitable for those comfortable with market volatility and seeking high returns.
  • Government Bonds: Government bonds provide stability and predictable income, suitable for risk-averse investors seeking capital preservation, but they often offer lower returns. UK government bonds, or Gilts, provide a safe haven for capital preservation and reliable income. They are favoured by risk-averse investors in the UK.
  • Forex Trading: Forex trading offers high potential returns but comes with substantial risk due to its speculative nature and sensitivity to global events. London's Forex market is one of the world's largest, offering access to global currency trading. Forex appeals to risk-tolerant investors looking to profit from exchange rate fluctuations.
  • Startup and Venture Capital Investments: These investments can yield significant returns, but they are inherently risky, with a high likelihood of some investments not realising returns. The UK's thriving startup ecosystem presents opportunities for high-risk, high-reward investments. Investors interested in innovation and technology can participate in this dynamic sector.
  • Global Mutual Funds and ETF Investments: Mutual funds and ETFs offer diversification and liquidity, with varying risk profiles and return potential based on the fund's focus.

Ultimately, the ideal choice among these investment options abroad depends on an investor's financial goals, risk tolerance, and time horizon. Many investors opt for diversification, combining real estate with other asset classes, such as stocks, bonds, or mutual funds, to balance risk and potential rewards effectively. If you are looking for some expert advice about investing offshore, feel free to contact us here and one of our experienced consultants will reach out.

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